Blackheads are a combination of oils, sebum and cellular fragments that produce firm to hard plugs within hair follicles. Blackheads are open to the skin's surface and become darkened at the surface by exposure to oxygen (oxidation). They are called open comedones. When bacteria is added to these comedones, the condition can lead to acne. Blackheads are promoted by excessive cellular exfoliation, which quickly clog or block the follicles. Some skin specialists believe individuals with frequent and multiple comedones (blackheads and/or whiteheads) produce sebum that is drier than normal and conducive to forming firm plugs. Sebum contributes to skin oils and people with dry sebum may have dry skin, but people with oily skin can also produce dry sebum which promotes plugs. In the sidebar, you will find acne kits that are specially formulated for whiteheads and blackheads. Select the right kit for you by choosing the kit that best describes your skin type.
The sebaceous glands normally produce sebum with linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid. This type of sebum has a liquid viscosity. It is calming to the skin and does not promote follicular irritation that leads to plugs. When linoleic acid is not available, the sebaceous glands produce sebum with oleic acid. This oleic form of sebum is irritating to the skin and promotes plugs. Oleic sebum is unable to flow as well as linoleic sebum and therefore is prone to producing hard comedones rather than flowing out of the follicle. This causes blackheads and whiteheads and both of these conditions may lead to acne infections.
Skintactix Blackhead Dissolver (a blackhead treatment product) removes blackheads in about three weeks. It is a very unique blackhead treatment product, made from natural plant extracts (25% of today's pharmaceutical drugs are still derived directly from plant extracts and another 20% are synthetic copies of plant extracts). The Blackhead dissolver contains extracts that reduce excessive production of skin cells and shrink tissues to keep follicles open. Some of these same extracts are used for the treatment of psoriasis, eczema, dandruff and similar conditions of excessive cellular proliferation. Some of the extracts are able to soften and break down lipids, like the dry sebum that form the blackheads. Other extracts decrease the production of dihydrotestosterone, that stimulates the production of sebum.
During the second or third week of blackhead treatment it may appear there are more blackheads. This is because the blackhead treatment is softening multiple plugs and bringing them to the surface, where they are more visible. The blackhead products are resolving the majority of these developing plugs all at one time and more blackheads (and developing blackheads) are visible. Do not be concerned if this happens.
The Blackhead Dissolver should be the first item used following cleansing and then apply other acne products or skin care products.
Salicylic acid and benzyl peroxide (frequently used in blackhead treatments) can be counter-productive to softening and dissolving blackheads as they can dehydrate dry, normal and combination skin. Normal/Oily Cleanser and Dry/Sensitive Cleanser do not strip the skin of lipids and do not dehydrate the skin. They effectively cleanse and reduce bacteria to inhibit the development of acne infections.